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“Neo-World”5: “The Role of University in Strengthening Sustainable Peace in the World”

 | Post date: 2023/03/6 | 
The fifth meeting of the “Neo-World” series on the future of the world, culture, science, and technology was held on Tuesday, 28th February, at the Institue for Cultural and Social Studies under the title of “The Role of University in Strengthening Sustainable peace in the World”.

The meeting was held with the participation of Dr. Flavius Caba Maria, the president of the Middle East Political and Economic Institute (MEPEI) as a keynote speaker, who participated virtually in the discussion from Romania.
Dr. Abdolmajid Moballeghi, an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies (IHCS) was the other speaker at the meeting.
Dr. Leila Khadem Makhsuos Hosseini, Post-Doctoral Researcher at MGIMO University was also the secretary of the meeting.
At the beginning of the discussion, Dr. Caba Maria defined sustainable peace and talked about the possibility of achieving it in the world.
He explained four characteristics of peace which together could make sustainable peace happen.
Dr. Mobaleghi also talked about his definition and assessment of sustainable peace and explained whether sustainable peace can be maintained without the elements such as justice or not.
He said that defining justice and locating its role in maintaining peace is very sophisticated and complicated, and added that “different definitions have been given for justice, some refer to the equal distribution of resources and others refer to the fair distribution of opportunities."
Mobaleghi said that he prefers the second definition and explained that “Justice in the distribution of resources can lead to the creation of equal poverty; While the search for justice in the distribution of opportunities promotes the possibilities of having a just life at various levels of society.”
Dr. Caba Maria also talked about the role of universities in peacebuilding. He referred to some cases and emphasized that we are in the early stage in order to be the main stakeholder in the peacebuilding process.
He also said that peace can be most effectively sustained when is conceived a public good for which the state is responsible, and emphasized that inclusivity is key to ensuring that peace is maintained over time.
Dr. Mobaleghi explained that the expansion of universities has occurred in connection with a system of relations that was the result of the free market and continued that in his opinion the emergence and deepening of the role of contemporary universities have been related to the free-market structures and, on the other hand, the use of the university as a tool to promote the capitalist approaches requested by the system has been real and important.
He continued: "Universities have radically contributed to the expansion of peace-oriented knowledge; however, sometimes, contrary to their nature, they have helped to produce the necessary knowledge for war. "
Answering a question about the role of universities in resolving the Palestine problem, Dr. Mobaleghi referred to the academic field of political science and said: "We have a standard understanding of political solutions in crisis situations. Based on this understanding, it is necessary to respect the basic rights of the people of a land. According to this understanding, the original inhabitants of Palestine, regardless of their religions, should be able to decide on the future of that land."
He said that in his opinion the best solution for Palestine is to allow the Palestinian people to participate in an election and decide about their land.
Dr. Caba Maria said that this idea is interesting but in Europe, they have another perspective on it. He also talked about Yemen and answered a question about whether could universities put forward a reasonable model to establish peace and end the killing of civilians and severe famine in this country.
"Academia is not policy making but could assist policy-making process", Dr. Caba Maria said, adding, “I think that the main dilemma we should solve is assuring a certain level of functional Economy and security, especially speaking about the Yemen case.  Then we can debate the Yemeni case from an educational point of view."
He said:  "I insist on working on political dialogue and a political solution to this conflict.”
You can watch the full session

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